U.S. Silent Directorsby quietgiant2 | created - 13 Jan 2011 | updated - 2 weeks ago | Public
From Hollywood to World !
Silent Directors (international) http://airbnclean.co.uk/list/ls000038543/?publish=save Producers http://airbnclean.co.uk/list/ls003918659/
Director | The Mother and the Law
David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War veteran. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually shape his movies. In 1897 ...
Producer | The Ten Commandments
His parents Henry C. DeMille and Beatrice DeMille were playwrights. His father died when he was 12, and his mother supported the family by opening a school for girls and a theatrical company. Too young to enlist in the Spanish-American War, Cecil followed his brother William C. de Mille to the New ...
Actor | Sunset Blvd.
Erich von Stroheim was born Erich Oswald Stroheim in 1885, in Vienna, Austria, to Johanna (Bondy), from Prague, and Benno Stroheim, a hatter from Gleiwitz, Germany (now Gliwice, Poland). His family was Jewish.
After spending some time working in his father's hat factory, he emigrated to America ...
4. F.W. Murnau
Director | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans
F.W. Murnau was a German film director. He was greatly influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Shakespeare and Ibsen plays he had seen at the age of 12, and became a friend of director Max Reinhardt. During World War I he served as a company commander at the eastern front and was in the German air ...
5. Fred Niblo
Fred Niblo entered films in 1917 after two decades as a touring actor in vaudeville and one-time manager of 'The Four Cohans' (he married Josephine Cohan, the sister of George M. Cohan). He made his film debut with two early Australian silent films in 1916. He worked for Thomas H. Ince from 1917 as ...
6. Rex Ingram
Director | The Great Problem
Renowned director Rex Ingram started his film career as a set designer and painter. His directorial debut was The Great Problem (1916). A true master of the medium, Ingram despised the business haggling required in the Hollywood system. He was also unhappy with the level of writing he found in ...
7. King Vidor
Director | Hallelujah
King Vidor was born on February 8, 1894 in Galveston, Texas, USA as King Wallis Vidor. He was a director and writer, known for Hallelujah (1929), The Crowd (1928) and The Big Parade (1925). He was married to Vidor, Elizabeth Hill, Eleanor Boardman and Florence Vidor. He died on November 1, 1982 in ...
8. Henry King
Director | The Song of Bernadette
For more than three decades, Henry King was the most versatile and reliable (not to mention hard-working) contract director on the 20th Century-Fox lot. His tenure lasted from 1930 to 1961, spanning most of Hollywood's "golden" era. King was renowned as a specialist in literary adaptations (A Bell ...
Actor | The General
Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine ...
10. Charles Chaplin
Writer | The Great Dictator
Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...
11. Victor Sjöström
Actor | Smultronstället
Victor Sjöström was born on September 20, 1879, and is the undisputed father of Swedish film, ranking as one of the masters of world cinema. His influence lives on in the work of Ingmar Bergman and all those directors, both Swedish and international, influenced by his work and the works of ...
Director | The Devil Is a Woman
Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop ...
13. Clarence Brown
Director | Anna Karenina
Clarence Leon Brown was the son of Larkin Harry and Catherine Ann (Gaw) Brown of Clinton, Massachusetts. His family moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, when he was 12 years old. He graduated from Knoxville High School in 1905 and from the University of Tennessee with a B.A. in mechanical and electrical ...
14. Tod Browning
Director | Dracula
Belonging to a well-situated family, Charles Browning fell in love at the age of 16 with a dancer of a circus. Following her began his itinerary of being clown, jockey and director of a variety theater which ended when he met D.W. Griffith and became an actor. He made his debut in Intolerance: ...
15. Ernst Lubitsch
Director | To Be or Not to Be
From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...
16. Paul Leni
Director | The Man Who Laughs
Paul Leni was born on July 8, 1885 in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany as Paul Josef Levi. He was an art director and director, known for The Man Who Laughs (1928), Das Rätsel von Bangalor (1918) and The Last Warning (1928). He died on September 2, 1929 in Los Angeles, California, USA.
17. Harry Beaumont
Director | The Broadway Melody
Born in Abilene, KS, in 1888, Harry Beaumont started his show-business career early--he quit school to become an actor in a traveling stock company, and eventually made his way to the New York stage. In 1912 he began working as a film actor for Edison studios--which was headquartered across the ...
18. Frank Lloyd
Director | Mutiny on the Bounty
Frank Lloyd was an unpretentious, technically skilled director, who crafted several enduring Hollywood classics during the 1930's. He started out as a stage actor and singer in early 1900's London and was well-known as an imitator of Harry Lauder. After several years in music hall and with touring ...
19. Frank Borzage
Director | No Greater Glory
Frank Borzage was born on April 23, 1894 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. He was an actor and director, known for No Greater Glory (1934), 7th Heaven (1927) and Bad Girl (1931). He was married to Juanita Scott, Edna Skelton and Rena Rogers. He died on June 19, 1962 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, ...
Director | Laughter
Harry d'Arrast's entry into the movie industry was somewhat unusual--he was wounded while serving in the French army during WW I, and while recuperating in a military hospital met French-born American film director George Fitzmaurice, who invited him to come to Hollywood after he had recovered. He ...
21. Louis J. Gasnier
Director | Esperáme
French-born Louis J. Gasnier was a stage actor / director / producer in Paris when he was hired by Pathe to direct comedy shorts. After discovering and showcasing comedian Max Linder, Gasnier was sent by Pathe to the U.S. in 1912 to run its operation there. He helped to make Pathe a major player in...
22. William S. Hart
Actor | The Money Corral
A storybook hero, the original screen cowboy, ever forthright and honest, even when (as was often the case) he played a villain, William S. Hart lived for a while in the Dakota Territory, then worked as a postal clerk in New York City. In 1888 he began to study acting. In 1899 he created the role ...
23. John Ford
Director | The Quiet Man
John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, ...
24. Marshall Neilan
Director | Dinty
In the early days of silent pictures, Marshall Neilan was a top director for Goldwyn Pictures. He had also directed a small number of Louis B. Mayer's independently produced melodramas, but there was a mutual dislike between the two men. During the festivities inaugurating the merger of Metro and ...
25. Jack Conway
Director | Viva Villa!
Born Hugh Ryan Conway of Irish ancestry, Jack Conway was one of a team of MGM contract directors (others included Sam Wood and Robert Z. Leonard), who forsook any pretense to a specific individual style in favor of working within the strictures set forth by studio management--as embodied by Irving ...
26. James Young
Director | On Trial
James Young was born on January 1, 1872 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. He was a director and actor, known for On Trial (1917), David Garrick (1914) and Beau Brummel (1913). He was married to Clara Whipple, Clara Kimball Young and Julie de Valera-Porkosky. He died on June 9, 1948 in New York City, New...
27. Paul Powell
Director | The Crimson Challenge
Paul Powell was born on September 6, 1881 in Peoria, Illinois, USA as Paul Mahlon Powell. He was a director and writer, known for The Crimson Challenge (1922), The Blinding Trail (1919) and Her Market Value (1925). He was married to Valerie McDonald. He died on July 2, 1944 in Pasadena, California,...
28. Raoul Walsh
Director | Sadie Thompson
Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" renamed Sadie Thompson (1928) opposite Gloria Swanson in the title role. He would have played the Cisco Kid in his own film In Old Arizona ...
29. Edmund Goulding
Director | Grand Hotel
London-born Edmund Goulding was an actor/playwright/director on the London stage, and entered the British army when WWI broke out. Mustered out of the service because of wounds suffered in battle, he emigrated to the U.S. in 1921. He obtained assignments as a screenwriter in Hollywood, wrote a ...
30. James Cruze
Actor | The Covered Wagon
Coming from a Mormon family in Utah, James Cruze was reportedly part Ute Indian. He worked as a fisherman to pay his way through drama school. Among his former wives were actresses Betty Compson (also from Utah) and Marguerite Snow. He was also married to Alberta McCoy (died on July 7, 1960), who ...
31. Sidney Franklin
Director | The Good Earth
Sidney Franklin was involved in amateur filmmaking while still at school. With his brother Chester M. Franklin, he wrote, directed and edited a short film, The Baby (1915), at a cost of $400. Somehow it attracted the interest of D.W. Griffith, who decided to put the brothers to work making ...
Director | A Star Is Born
William Wellman, the Oscar-winning screenwriter-director of the original Een ster wordt geboren (1937), was called "Wild Bill" during his World War I service as an aviator, a nickname that persisted in Hollywood due to his larger-than-life personality and lifestyle.
A leap-year baby born in 1896 on ...
33. Maurice Tourneur
Director | Au nom de la loi
Screenwriter and director Maurice Tourneur was born Maurice Thomas in the Parisian suburb of Belleville on February 2, 1873, the son of a jewelry merchant. He was trained and employed as a graphic designer and a magazine illustrator as a young man. After serving in a French artillery unit in ...
Director | The Miracle Man
A former railroad clerk, Tucker made a name for himself in 1913 with a film entitled Traffic in Souls (1913), a six-reel expose of white slavery. Tucker and Carl Laemmle financed the sum of $57,000 to make the film in New York, the film ultimately grossed $450,000. The success of the film enabled ...
35. Sam Wood
Director | Ivy
Following a two-year apprenticeship under Cecil B. DeMille as assistant director, Samuel Grosvenor Wood had the good fortune to have assigned to him two of the biggest stars at Paramount during their heyday: Wallace Reid (between 1919 and 1920) and Gloria Swanson (from 1921 to 1923). By the time ...
36. Edward F. Cline
Director | The Boat
Edward "Eddie" Cline began his career in the film business as one of the Keystone Kops. The former vaudevillian appeared sporadically in films as an actor until 1922, but became increasingly active behind the camera as a gagman and scenario writer for Mack Sennett. From 1916 he worked on a steady ...
37. Herbert Brenon
Director | Beau Geste
Herbert Brenon was born on January 13, 1880 in Dublin, Ireland, UK as Alexander Herbert Reginald St. John Brenon. He was a director and writer, known for Beau Geste (1926), Ivanhoe de kampvechter (1913) and Sorrell and Son (1927). He was married to Mrs. Herbert Brenon. He died on June 21, 1958 in ...
38. Allan Dwan
Director | A Perfect Crime
Allan Dwan was born on April 3, 1885 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as Joseph Aloysius Dwan. He was a director and writer, known for A Perfect Crime (1921), Bound in Morocco (1918) and A Broken Doll (1921). He was married to Marie Shelton and Pauline Bush. He died on December 28, 1981 in Woodland ...
Director | Valencia
Dimitri Buchowetzki was born in 1885 in Russia as Dmitry Savelyevych Bukhovecky. He was a director and writer, known for Valencia (1926), Othello (1922) and Danton (1921). He died in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, USA.
40. Monta Bell
Producer | The Worst Woman in Paris?
Producer / director/ screenwriter Monta Bell was born on February 5, 1891, in Washington, DC. He turned to the stage as an actor after trying his hand at journalism in that city. He was cast by Charles Chaplin in the great comedian's The Pilgrim (1923), which was Bell's sole screen appearance as an...
41. W.S. Van Dyke
Director | The Thin Man
For the better part of his career, Woodbridge Strong Van Dyke lived up to his sobriquet "One-Take Woody" by steadfastly adhering to his credo of shooting each scene as quickly and efficiently as possible. Over his 25-year career, he economically directed over 90 diverse entertainments, which not ...
42. Rupert Julian
Actor | The Kaiser, the Beast of Berlin
Coming to the US at the age of 34, New Zealand-born Rupert Julian started his career as a stage and screen actor touring Australia and New Zealand. Having made his name (and a cool million for Universal) as a dead ringer for Kaiser Wilhelm II in the 1918 film The Kaiser, the Beast of Berlin (1918), ...
from New Zealand
43. Lewis Milestone
Director | All Quiet on the Western Front
Lewis Milestone, a clothing manufacturer's son, was born in Bessarabia (now Moldova), raised in Odessa (Ukraine) and educated in Belgium and Berlin (where he studied engineering). He was fluent in both German and Russian and an avid reader. Milestone had an affinity for the theatre from an early ...
from Moldova, Russia
44. Thomas H. Ince
Producer | The Coward
Thomas H. Ince was born into a family of stage actors. He appeared on the stage at age six and worked with a number of stock companies, making his Broadway debut at 15. Vaudeville work was inconsistent, so he was a lifeguard, a promoter and part-time actor. His stage career was a failure but by ...
45. Mauritz Stiller
Director | Erotikon
Moshe "Mauritz" Stiller, born July 17, 1883, in Helsinki, Finland, was a director, writer and actor. He began his artistic activity in the theatre, as an actor at 16. Mauritz Stiller portrayed 87 roles from 1899-1916 and directed 16 productions 1911-28. Together with Viktor Sjöström ( director, ...
from Sweden In the USA: Hotel Imperial
Director | The Devil to Pay!
American director of French-Dutch ancestry, born in Paris. He studied the fine arts in Paris before resettling in America. As a set designer for stage productions, he was able to break into films in 1908 doing the same work. He dabbled in screen writing and then began directing, at first ...
47. Wesley Ruggles
Producer | Cimarron
The younger brother of Hollywood character player Charles Ruggles, Wesley Ruggles spent most of his early years in San Francisco. He attended university there, began a lengthy apprenticeship in stock and musical comedy and then joined Keystone in Hollywood as an actor in 1914 working alongside Syd ...
48. King Baggot
Actor | Jim Webb, Senator
St. Louis-born King Baggot traveled to New York City with the express intent of crashing Broadway, but began his film career in nearby Fort Lee, NJ, in 1909. It didn't take long before he graduated from actor to writer and director--at times performing all three functions; in Shadows (1914) he not ...
Director | Rangle River
A graduate of the Boston Polytechnic Institute, Clarence Badger had a varied early career as an artist, stage actor, editor and journalist with several newspapers and magazines (including "The Youth's Companion"), before entering the film business with Mack Sennett in 1915. At Sennett's ...
50. Herbert Wilcox
Producer | Victoria the Great
Herbert Wilcox was born on April 19, 1890 in West Norwood, London, England as Herbert Sydney Wilcox. He was a producer and director, known for Koningin Victoria (1937), Spring in Park Lane (1948) and Nell Gwyn (1926). He was married to Anna Neagle, Maud Violet Bower and Dorothy Brown. He died on ...
51. John G. Adolfi
Director | A Man and His Mate
Entering films as an actor in 1910, John G. Adolfi soon switched careers and became a director. He turned out numerous, mostly low-budget films for minor companies, but every so often got a chance to work at a big studio like Fox. His big break came in the sound era, when he formed a partnership ...
52. Christy Cabanne
Director | The Great Secret
Christy Cabanne was, along with Sam Newfield and William Beaudine, one of the most prolific directors in the history of American films.
Cabanne spent several years in the navy, leaving the service in 1908. He decided on a career in the theater, and became a director as well as an actor. Although ...
Actor | The Butcher Boy
Roscoe Arbuckle, one of nine children, was the baby of the family who weighed a reported 16 pounds at birth. Born in Smith Center, Kansas, on March 24, 1887, his family moved to California when he was a year old. At age eight he appeared on the stage. His first part was with the Webster-Brown Stock...
Director pseudonym : William B Goodrich
54. George D. Baker
Director | Buried Treasure
A former newspaper writer and cartoonist, George D. Baker joined Vitagraph in 1913 as a director, and was the main director for the films of the studio's popular comedian John Bunny--of Bunny's 43 comedies at Vitagraph, Baker made 39 of them. Bunny left Vitagraph to return to the stage, and ...
55. Reginald Barker
Director | The Iron Strain
Canadian-born (Winnipeg) Reginald Barker moved with his family to Scotland shortly after he was born, and they eventually emigrated to the US, settling in California. Bitten by the show-business bug early, Barker was acting in plays by age 16, and then joined up with a traveling stock company as ...
56. William Beaudine
Director | Duke of the Navy
William Beaudine, the director of nearly 350 known films (nearly one for every day of the year; some listings of his work put his output at 500 movies and hundreds of TV episodes) and scores of television episodes, enjoyed a directing career that stretched across seven decades from the 'Teens to ...
57. Lois Weber
Director | Suspense
Lois Weber, who had been a street-corner evangelist before entering motion pictures in 1905, became the first American woman movie director of note, and a major one at that. Herbert Blaché, the husband of Frenchwoman Alice Guy, the first woman to direct a motion picture (and arguably, the first ...
Director | The Glorious Adventure
J. Stuart Blackton came to the US with his family from Sheffield, England, in 1885 at age 10, settling in New York. He became friends with Albert E. Smith - who later became his business partner and headed Vitagraph Studios - in 1894 and they started a short-lived vaudeville act together. Blackton ...
59. John G. Blystone
Director | The Big Party
John G. Blystone was born on December 2, 1892 in Rice Lake, Wisconsin, USA as John Gilman Blystone. He is known for his work on The Big Party (1930), The Lucky Horseshoe (1925) and Our Hospitality (1923). He was married to Gwendolyn Davis. He died on August 6, 1938 in Beverly Hills, California, USA.
60. Charles Brabin
Director | Breakers Ahead
Charles Brabin was born on April 17, 1882 in Liverpool, England. He was a director and writer, known for Breakers Ahead (1918), Thou Shalt Not (1919) and Sporting Blood (1931). He was married to Theda Bara and Susette Mosher. He died on November 3, 1957 in Santa Monica, California, USA.
61. William Nigh
Director | Born Rich
William Nigh was born on October 12, 1881 in Berlin, Wisconsin, USA as Emil Kreuske. He was a director and actor, known for Born Rich (1924), Notorious Gallagher; or, His Great Triumph (1916) and School Days (1921). He died on November 27, 1955 in Burbank, California, USA.
62. Sidney Olcott
Director | Monsieur Beaucaire
Prolific silent film director, the son of Irish immigrants. Olcott started as an actor on the New York stage and then appeared in films for Mutoscope in 1904, eventually working his way up to general manager of Biograph. Lured away to a rival company he began to direct features for Kalem by 1907. ...
from Canada Ranson's Folly Monsieur Beaucaire Little Old New York Timothy's Quest
63. Pál Fejös
Director | Sonnenstrahl
Budapest-born director Paul Fejos first called attention to himself in Kecskemét, Hungary, as a student actor. During World War I he was a soldier in the army of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and after the war he became a student of chemistry. His artistic inclination, however, drew him to the ...
from Austria-Hungary In the USA : The Last Performance
64. Edward Sedgwick
Director | The Flaming Frontier
Edward Sedgwick was born on November 7, 1892 in Galveston, Texas, USA as Edward Martin Sedgewick. He was a director and actor, known for The Flaming Frontier (1926), Let 'er Buck (1925) and The Saddle Hawk (1925). He was married to Ebba Havez and Rose L. Elgueta. He died on March 7, 1953 in North ...
Director | Hævnens Nat
Benjamin Christensen was born on September 28, 1879 in Viborg, Denmark. He was a director and writer, known for Hævnens Nat (1916), Seven Footprints to Satan (1929) and The Devil's Circus (1926). He was married to Karen Winther, Sigrid Stahl and Ellen Arctander. He died on April 2, 1959 in ...
from Denmark In the USA: The Devil's Circus
66. Donald Crisp
Actor | How Green Was My Valley
Donald Crisp was born George William Crisp at the family home in Bow, London. Donald's parents were James Crisp and Elizabeth Crisp, his birth was registered by his mother on 4th September 1882. Donald's sisters were Elizabeth, Ann, Alice (known as Louisa) and Eliza and his brothers were James, ...
67. J. Searle Dawley
Director | An American Citizen
J. Searle Dawley, the man who considered himself "the first motion picture director", was born James Searle Dawley on May 13, 1877, in Del Norte, Colorado. He was educated in Denver, and after graduating in 1895, became an actor with Louis Morrison's stock theatrical company. The tour he was hired ...
Director | The Splendid Crime
William Churchill de Mille, the older brother of Hollywood legend Cecil B. DeMille (W.C. retained the family spelling of his name) and father of Tony Award-winning choreographer Agnes de Mille, was born in Washington, North Carolina, on July 25, 1878. His father, Henry C. DeMille, was a playwright ...
Director | The Queen of Sheba
Began as an actor, then as director and producer at the Suburban Garden Theatre in St. Louis, then at the Academy of Music in New York, where he was hired by William Fox to direct films in 1914. He directed 22 films starring Theda Bara, who called him "the nicest director I ever worked with." His ...
70. Victor Fleming
Director | Gone with the Wind
Victor Fleming entered the film business as a stuntman in 1910, mainly doing stunt driving - which came easy to him, as he had been a mechanic and professional race-car driver. He became interested in working on the other side of the camera, and eventually got a job as a cameraman on many of the ...
71. Francis Ford
Actor | Crimson Shoals
Elder brother of the director John Ford and himself a screen director (and John's erstwhile mentor) until the advent of sound. He had also acted in his own films and those of other directors, but turned to acting exclusively circa 1929. As actor, he would provide convincing portrayals of men of ...
72. Tay Garnett
Director | China Seas
Following his service as a naval aviator in WW I, Tay Garnett entered films in 1920 as a screenwriter. After a stint as a gag writer for Mack Sennett and Hal Roach he joined Pathe, then the distributor for both competing comedy producers, and in 1928 began directing for that company. Garnett ...
Director | Dick Barton: Special Agent
Australian-born Alf Goulding was a former vaudevillian who became a director specializing in comedy shorts. He directed Harold Lloyd comedies for Hal Roach, and in the early 1920s joined Mack Sennett, then turned out two-reelers at RKO and Columbia, sometimes featuring Edgar Kennedy. In England ...
74. Alfred E. Green
Director | The Jolson Story
One of the more prolific American directors, Alfred E. Green entered films in 1912 as an actor for the Selig Polyscope Co. He became an assistant to director Colin Campbell and started directing two-reelers, turning to features in 1917. His career lasted into the mid-1950s but his output was mostly...
75. Howard Hawks
Director | Rio Bravo
What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Alleen engelen hebben vleugels (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959)...
76. Joseph Henabery
Joseph Henabery was born on January 15, 1888 in Omaha, Nebraska, USA. He was a director and actor, known for Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages (1916), The Birth of a Nation (1915) and The Love Trader (1930). He was married to Lillian Nolan and Maceal Nolan. He died on February 18, ...
77. Wallace Worsley
Director | The Ace of Hearts
Wallace Worsley was born on December 8, 1878 in Wappingers Falls, New York, USA as Wallace A. Worsley Sr. He was a director and actor, known for The Ace of Hearts (1921), A Blind Bargain (1922) and The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923). He was married to Julia M. Taylor. He died on March 26, 1944 in ...
78. Richard Thorpe
Director | Knights of the Round Table
After working in vaudeville, on the stage and in early movies, Richard Thorpe launched his directing career in 1923. After directing dozens of low-budget comedies and westerns, his talents were recognized in the mid-'30s when he went to work for MGM. Studio chief Louis B. Mayer valued efficiency in...
79. George W. Hill
Director | The Midnight Express
Beginning his career at age 13 as a stagehand for D.W. Griffith, George W. Hill worked his way up through cinematography and screenwriting to finally begin directing films in the early 1920s. His later films took on a stark, brutally realistic atmosphere and were renowned for their effective use of...
80. James P. Hogan
Director | Bulldog Drummond's Peril
James P. Hogan was born on September 21, 1890 in Lowell, Massachusetts, USA. He was a director and writer, known for Bulldog Drummond in de klem (1938), Life Returns (1935) and The Isle of Retribution (1926). He died on November 4, 1943 in North Hollywood, California, USA.
My Lady's Lips The Final Extra The Broken Mask The Border Patrol
81. James W. Horne
Director | The Green Archer
He worked at a number of studios in the early 1920's and directed Buster Keaton's successful 'College' in 1927 before arriving at Hal Roach studios in 1928 where the following year he directed Laurel and Hardy's 'Big Business'and the following year their sound film 'Chickens Come Home' In 1931 he ...
Director | Good Intentions
Director William K. Howard was born in St. Marys, OH, in 1893. He studied engineering and law at Ohio State University but gravitated towards film distribution when he took a job as sales manager for Vitagraph. After serving in an artillery unit with the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I...
83. Erle C. Kenton
Director | The Ghost of Frankenstein
Erle C. Kenton entered films as an actor with the Mack Sennett troupe (he was one of the original Keystone Kops). In addition to acting, he performed pretty much any kind of behind-the-scenes job he could get, and by 1919 Sennett gave him a job directing two-reel comedies. The next year he ...
84. Gregory La Cava
Director | Stage Door
A former cartoonist, Gregory La Cava entered films during WWI as an animator for Walter Lantz on such animated films as "The Katzenjammer Kids" series. Hired by the Hearst Corp. as the editor-in-chief for its International Comic Films division, La Cava switched to live-action films in the 1920s and...
85. Fred C. Newmeyer
Director | Safety Last!
Fred C. Newmeyer was a professional baseball player from 1909-13 before beginning his career as an extra at Universal Pictures. He worked his way up the ladder to become a prop man, then assistant director and, finally, director. Notable among his films are Seven Keys to Baldpate (1925) with ...
86. Harry Langdon
Actor | Tramp, Tramp, Tramp
Langdon first performed when he ran away from home at the age of 12-13 to join a travelling medicine show. In 1903 he scored a lasting success in vaudeville with an act called "Johnny's New Car" which he performed for twenty years. In 1923, he signed with Principal Pictures as a series star, but ...
87. Rowland V. Lee
Director | The Count of Monte Cristo
Coming from a show business family (his parents were stage actors), Rowland V. Lee began his career as a child actor in stock and on Broadway. He interrupted his stage career for a stint as a Wall Street stockbroker, but gave that up after two years and returned to the stage. Lee was hired by ...
88. Max Linder
Actor | Seven Years Bad Luck
Although all too frequently neglected by fans of silent comedy, Max Linder is in many ways as important a figure as Charles Chaplin, Buster Keaton or Harold Lloyd, not least because he predated (and influenced) them all by several years and was largely responsible for the creation of the classic ...
89. Winsor McCay
Writer | Gertie the Dinosaur
Like many pioneers, the work of 'Winsor McCay' has been largely superseded by successors such as Walt Disney and Max Fleischer but he more than earns a place in film history for being the American cinema's first great cartoon animator. He started out as a newspaper cartoonist, achieving a national ...
90. J.P. McGowan
Director | Hills of Missing Men
J.P. McGowan was born on February 24, 1880 in Terowie, South Australia, Australia as John Paterson McGowan. He was a director and actor, known for Hills of Missing Men (1922), The Hurricane Express (1932) and The Lost Express (1917). He was married to Mrs. Kaye Swart Northrop, Helen Holmes and ...
91. Archie Mayo
Director | The Petrified Forest
A stage actor, Archie Mayo went to Hollywood in 1915 and worked until his retirement in 1946. He began directing slapstick two-reelers, later making features at Warner Bros. just about the time sound was being introduced into films. He did much work for Warners, but he also made films at Goldwyn ...
92. Leo McCarey
Director | An Affair to Remember
Leo McCarey was born on October 3, 1896 in Los Angeles, California, USA as Thomas Leo McCarey. He was a director and writer, known for An Affair to Remember (1957), Going My Way (1944) and Love Affair (1939). He was married to Stella Martin. He died on July 5, 1969 in Santa Monica, California.
93. Henry MacRae
Director | Detective Lloyd
Henry MacRae was born on August 29, 1876 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as Henry Alexander MacRae. He was a director and producer, known for Detective Lloyd (1932), The Lost Special (1932) and Danger Island (1931). He was married to Mary O'Neill and Margaret Oswald. He died on October 2, 1944 in ...
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94. George Melford
Director | Love in the Desert
George Melford was born on February 19, 1877 in Rochester, New York, USA as George Henry Knauff. He was a director and actor, known for Love in the Desert (1929), Jungle Menace (1937) and De Tien Geboden (1956). He was married to Diana Miller and Louise Marsland. He died on April 25, 1961 in ...
Actress | Human Wreckage
The Davenport family was well known in theatrical circles. Her aunt, Fanny Davenport was considered one of the greatest stage actresses of her time and her father, Harry Davenport, was a Broadway star before later venturing into movies. Her mother, Alice Davenport, was a respected Broadway and film...
Linda The Road to Ruin The Red Kimona Human Decadence
96. Roy Del Ruth
Director | It Happened on Fifth Avenue
Roy Del Ruth was born on Oct. 18, 1895, in Philadelphia, PA. He began his Hollywood career as a writer for Mack Sennett in 1915. He began directing in 1919 for Sennett with the two-reeler Hungry Lions and Tender Hearts (1920). In the early 1920s he moved over to features with such efforts as Asleep...
The Terror Across the Pacific The First Auto
Director | The Cheerful Fraud
Originally a writer and artist, William A. Seiter entered films with Selig. He worked from 1915 as a stunt double and bit player at Keystone and quickly graduated to directing comedy shorts. He moved up to features in the 1920s. He married actress Laura La Plante, who he directed in several films, ...
Director | One Week of Love
French-born (Paris) George Archainbaud got his start in show business as an actor and stage manager in France. Emigrating to the US in 1915, he got work as an assistant director to fellow French expatriate Emile Chautard at William A. Brady's World Film Co. in Fort Lee, NJ. His directorial debut ...
100. Elmer Clifton
Director | The Secret of Treasure Island
He acted on the stage from 1907 and worked with D.W. Griffith in various capacities between 1913-22, including appearances in The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages (1916). He became a director in 1917, with his best-known production probably being the ...